Adoption is a legal process, governed under the Adoption of Children Act (ACA), Chapter 4.
The Family Court of Singapore is the authority that decides on adoption applications.
When an adoption order is passed by the court, the child’s legal ties with the biological parents will be severed and the adoptive parents will assume all rights, obligations and responsibilities in the care and education of the child. This is according to Section 7(i) of the ACA which states:
"all rights, duties, obligations and liabilities of the parent or parents, guardian or guardians of the adopted child, in relation to the future custody, maintenance and education of the adopted child, including all rights to appoint a guardian or to consent or give notice of dissent to marriage shall be extinguished, and all such rights, duties, obligations and liabilities shall vest in and be exercisable by and enforceable against the adopter as though the adopted child was a child born to the adopter in lawful wedlock, and in respect of the same matters and in respect of the liability of a child to maintain its parents the adopted child shall stand to the adopter exclusively in the position of a child born to the adopter in lawful wedlock."