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Protection under Children & Young Persons Act

The Children & Young Persons Act (CYPA) safeguards the care, protection and rehabilitation of our children and young persons who are below 16 years of age.

Amendments to the Children and Young Persons Act were passed in Parliament on 10 Jan 2011 and take effect from 20 July 2011.

Licensing of Children and Young Persons Homes

A key amendment to the CYPA is the requirement for all Children and Young Persons Homes to be licensed. This aims to enhance the welfare, care and protection of children and young persons in residential care. 

With the introduction of licensing, all Homes are required to apply for a license and comply with licensing requirements. The Homes are to be guided by the regulations under the Act and Standards of Care for Homes issued by MSF. 

All cases of children residing in Homes will be reviewed by a Review Board comprising independent members from the community, to ensure that there are proper care plans in place for children to meet their long term needs. Members of the Review Board will also conduct visits to the Homes to ensure that residents have a safe and conducive environment that meets their care and rehabilitation needs.

For more information on the licensing of Children and Young Persons Homes, please contact the Residential Care and Regulatory Branch at

Other enhancements to the CYPA include:

  1. The Protector will be able to make inquiries where there is reasonable cause to suspect that a relevant offence has been, is being, or will be committed against any child or young person or that any child or young person is in need of care or protection.
  2. When a child or young person in need of care or protection is removed under the CYPA, the Protector may restrict access or place conditions of access by parents or the alleged perpetrator, in cases where the appearance of the parents or alleged perpetrator may cause further trauma to the child or young person.
  3. The Court may exempt the child or young person from attending court proceedings in cases where it is assessed that court attendance may adversely affect the child.
  4. To safeguard the privacy of the child or young person, the publication or broadcast of information that identifies, or is likely to lead to the identification of any child or young person who is subject to an investigation or taken into care or custody under the Act will be prohibited.
  5. The minimum length of residential orders (for juvenile offender cases and beyond parental control cases) will be removed to allow for more flexibility for courts to take into account the needs and circumstance of each case in determining the length of order.

See also:

Children and Young Persons Homes

Children and Young Persons Homes provide residential care programmes for children and young persons who may be in need of care, protection or rehabilitation. 

Policy on Protection & Welfare of Children

Child abuse is defined as any act of commission or commission by a parent or guardian which would endanger or impair the child’s physical or emotional well-being or that are judged by a mixture of community values and professionals to be inappropriate.

Community Service Order

The Community Service Order aims to broaden the juveniles’ perspectives and help them gain meaningful social experiences, develop social skills in relating with other people, and develop a sense of purpose in life.

Probation with Detention

Requires juvenile offenders to reside in a place of detention to learn relevant skills through exercise drills and groupwork.

Weekend Detention

Weekend Detention is one of the options available to the Juvenile Court when dealing with an offender below 16 years of age.

Rehabilitation of Juvenile Offenders

Approved Schools and Approved Homes for community-based or institutional rehabilitation of children and young persons.

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Last Reviewed On Tue, Dec 20, 2016