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Singapore Government

Probation: Completion and Recidivism Rates

Probation: Completion and Recidivism Rates

MSF’s Probation and Community Rehabilitation Service (PCRS) runs a community-based offender rehabilitation programme that aims to bring about positive changes in offenders through targeted interventions and the participation of the individual and his/her family. While probationers may continue with most of their day-to-day activities, they are required to comply with the conditions stipulated by the Court. For example, the Court may order some probationers to serve their Probation Order in a residential facility.

Completion Rates (%) for Cohort of Probationers Discharged from Probation in the Specified Year

 Cohort 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Completion rate (%) 87
83
82
81
84
83
84
80
82
87

  
Completion Rates (%) for Cohort of Probationers Discharged from Probation in the Specified Year, by Age at the Start of Probation

Cohort 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
< 13 years 68 78 53 50 67 67 56
14 to < 16 years 67 71 75 71 66 66 78
16 to < 18 years 77 86 84 79 76 77 86
18 to < 21 years 89 88 85 88 87 88 88
> 21 years  96 87 94 97 91 90 99

 

Completion Rates (%) for Cohort of Probationers with a Court-ordered condition to Reside in a Hostel and Discharged from Probation in the Specified Year

Cohort 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Completion Rate (%) 58 62 72 62 67 60 65

 

Number of Probationers who did not Complete the Probation Order, by Year and Specified Reason

Cohort 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Commission of further offences 51 32 28 21 26 30 31
Poor response to supervision* 95 85 69 58 64 50 28
Total 146 117 97 79 90 80 59

*This refers to probation orders that were revoked as the probationer repeatedly failed to comply with the conditions of the probation order. This may include repeated failure to abide by time restriction, perform community service, attend rehabilitation programmes, return to hostel and serious infringement at school/work. 

3-year Recidivism Rates (%) of Probationers Aged Below 16 Years at the Point of Commencing Probation and who were Discharged in the Specified Year

 
 Recidivism Rate (%) 2010  2011 2012
2013 2014 2015  2016 2017

Probationer (Age < 16 years)

11.0 9.8 12.7 16.0 12.8 14.3 20.3 13.6

 

3-year Recidivism Rates (%) of Probationers Aged Below 21 Years at the Point of Commencing Probation and who were Discharged in the Specified Year

 

 Recidivism Rate (%)

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017

Probationer (Age < 21 years)

11.1 9.9 12.0 13.9 10.9 15.2 15.1 13.6

 

Download: Probation_Completion_and_Recid_Rate.xlsx

Source: Ministry of Social and Family Development

Data accurate as at  February 2022

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