Start of content

Probation: Completion and Recidivism Rates

Probation is a community-based rehabilitation programme that aims to bring about positive changes in offenders through targeted interventions and working with the families.

Probationers may continue with most of his / her day-to-day activities, but is required to comply with certain conditions as stipulated by the Court.

Completion Rate (%)

  Cases closed in 2010 Cases closed in 2011 Cases closed in 2012 Cases closed in 2013 Cases closed in 2014 Cases closed in 2015 Cases closed in 2016 Cases closed in 2017  Cases closed in 2018 
Completion rate (%)  86 88 87 83 82 81 84  83 84

 


Completion Rate (%) by Age for 2018 Cohort

Age  Completion Rate (%)
13 years and below 50
14-15 years  71
16-17 years 79
18-20 years  88
 21 years old and above
97 

 

Completion Rate (%) by Restrictive Conditions for 2018 Cohort

Restrictive Condition Completion Rate (%)
Hostel 62

 

Reasons for Non-Completion of Probation Order for 2018 Cohort

Reason for Non-Completion Number of Cases
Commission of further offences 22
Poor response to supervision 57
Warrant of arrest / at large 0

 

Recidivism Rate of Probationers Aged Below 16 Years (%)

  Cases closed in 2007
Cases closed in 2008
Cases closed in 2009
Cases closed in 2010
Cases closed in 2011
Cases closed in 2012
 Cases closed in 2013  Cases closed in 2014
Recidivism Rate (%) 23.1 16.6 18.8 11.0 9.8 12.7 16.0   12.8

 

Recidivism Rate of Probationers Aged Below 21 Years (%)

  Cases closed in 2006 Cases closed in 2007
Cases closed in 2008
Cases closed in 2009
Cases closed in 2010
Cases closed in 2011
Cases closed in 2012 Cases closed in 2013   Cases closed in 2014
Recidivism Rate (%) 12.3 15.9 13.9 12.9 11.1 9.9  12.0 13.9  10.9

*Recidivism Rate calculated based on 3-year time frame.

Source: Ministry of Social and Family Development

Statistics correct as at 12 June 2019

Share to Facebook Share to Twitter More...
Last Reviewed On Wed, Jun 12, 2019

Related Research & Data Items

  • Streetwise Programme: New Cases

    ​The programme helps such youths make a fresh start in life through a series of individual counselling, group work and family counselling session.
  • Beyond Parental Control: New Cases

    ​Beyond parental control or BPC refers to a child or young person who is below the age of 16 years who may be in persistent conflict with his/her parent/s and school or other authorities and who may be displaying at risk behaviours.
  • Juvenile Delinquents: Juveniles Arrested

    ​The Children and Young Persons' Act states that a juvenile is a male or female person who is 7 years or above and below 16 years.