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United Nations Human Development Report: Gender Inequality Index (GII)

The Gender Inequality Index (GII) is a composite index that measures the inequality between female and male achievements in 3 dimensions. It ranges from 0, which indicates that women and men fare equally, to 1, which indicates that women fare as poorly as possible in all measured dimensions.

The 3 basic dimensions are:

  • reproductive health, as measured by maternal mortality ratio and the adolescent fertility rate;
  • empowerment, as measured by the share of parliamentary seats held by each sex and by secondary and higher education attainment levels; and
  • labour market, as measured by women’s participation in the workforce.

According to the UN Human Development Report 2018​, Singapore is ranked 12th out of 160 countries with a score of 0.067 in 2017.

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