The Gender Inequality Index (GII) is a composite index that measures the inequality between female and male achievements in 3 dimensions. It ranges from 0, which indicates that women and men fare equally, to 1, which indicates that women fare as poorly as possible in all measured dimensions.
The 3 basic dimensions are:
- reproductive health, as measured by maternal mortality ratio and the adolescent fertility rate;
- empowerment, as measured by the share of parliamentary seats held by each sex and by secondary and higher education attainment levels; and
- labour market, as measured by women’s participation in the workforce.
Singapore is ranked 12 out of 162 countries with a score of 0.065 in the UN Human Development Report 2020.
The GDI ranges from 0 to 1 (no gender disparity across the three dimensions). The closer the ratio is to 1, the smaller the gap between women and men.
Countries were grouped into five groups based on the level of equality in HDI achievements between genders, measured by the absolute deviation from gender parity in HDI values.
- Health: Life expectancy of individuals. Allowance is made for the biological edge that women enjoy in living longer than men, since biology is not country-specific.
- Knowledge: Two-thirds weight is given to adult literacy and one-third to combined primary, secondary and tertiary enrolment;
- Living standards: Adjusted real income.
Singapore is in Group 1 with a score of 0.985. Group 1 comprises countries with high equality in HDI achievements between women and men, with absolute deviation of less than 2.5 percent.
Read more here: United Nations Human Development Report 2020