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Violence: Applications of Personal Protection Order (PPO)/Expedited Order (EO)/Domestic Exclusion Order (DEO)

PPO/EO/DEO Applications Filed

  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Females 2,334 2,383 2,194 2,180 2,130 2,081 1,875
Males 735 764 757 705 681 636 603
Total 3,069 3,147 2,951 2,885 2,811 2,717 2,478
Females in % 76.1% 75.7% 74.3% 75.6% 75.8% 76.6% 75.7%
Males in % 23.9% 24.3% 25.7% 24.4% 24.2% 23.4% 24.3%
Total in % 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%


A Personal Protection Order (PPO) is an order which prevents the perpetrator (i.e. the respondent) from using violence against the applicant (i.e. the complainant). The process starts with an application for a PPO filed by the applicant before a Duty Judge who will fix a Court hearing date if the application is accepted. Pending the hearing, a temporary PPO called an Expedited Order (EO) is granted if the Duty Judge is satisfied that there is imminent danger of family violence being committed again against the applicant. A PPO is made by a Judge only after a Court hearing between the applicant and the perpetrator. If the applicant has also applied for a Domestic Exclusion Order (DEO) when making the PPO application, the Judge can also make a DEO. A DEO is an order restraining the respondent from entering the applicant’s residence or parts of the residence. The applicant can apply for a PPO only or a PPO with EO. The applicant can also apply for a DEO when the applicant applies for a PPO unless a PPO has already been granted from an earlier application in which case the applicant can apply for DEO only. Where the applicant does not have a PPO, the applicant can apply for PPO, EO and DEO at the same time. Statistics comprise applications of PPO only; DEO only; PPO and EO; PPO and DEO; as well as PPO, EO and DEO.

Source: Family Justice Courts. Information accurate as at 27 February 2019.

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